__Numbers 7:1__** ¦ And it came to pass on the day that
Moses had fully set up the tabernacle, and had anointed it, and sanctified it,
and all the instruments thereof, both the altar and all the vessels thereof,
and had anointed them, and sanctified them; **

__Numbers 7:2__** That the princes of Israel, heads of
the house of their fathers, who were the princes of the tribes, and were
over them that were numbered, offered: **

__Numbers 7:3__** And they brought their offering
before the LORD, six covered wagons, and twelve oxen; a wagon for two of the
princes, and for each one an ox: and they brought them before the tabernacle. **

** **

The Hebrew for the word ÒdayÓ in verse one can be general in reference. Note that it is not defined as Òevening and morning.Ó

Once the tabernacle had been set up according to the LORDÕs instructions and everything associated with its function anointed and dedicated for service before the LORD, the princes of Israel, the recognized leaders of each of the tribes, brought an offering before the LORD to the tabernacle. They brought six covered wagons (a joint gift from two tribes) and twelve oxen (one from each tribe). This offering was obviously intended for use in transporting the tabernacle and all the items associated with it when they traveled.

** **

__Numbers 7:4__** And the LORD spake unto Moses,
saying, **

__Numbers 7:5__** Take it of them, that they may
be to do the service of the tabernacle of the congregation; and thou shalt give
them unto the Levites, to every man according to his service. **

__Numbers 7:6__** And Moses took the wagons and the
oxen, and gave them unto the Levites. **

__Numbers 7:7__** Two wagons and four oxen he gave unto
the sons of Gershon, according to their service: **

__Numbers 7:8__** And four wagons and eight oxen he
gave unto the sons of Merari, according unto their service, under the hand of
Ithamar the son of Aaron the priest. **

__Numbers 7:9__** But unto the sons of Kohath he gave
none: because the service of the sanctuary belonging unto them was that
they should bear upon their shoulders. **

** **

The LORD then instructed Moses to give the wagons and oxen to the Levites to use in transporting all the parts of the tabernacle and all the accompanying items used in its service. Moses apportioned the wagons and oxen according to need. He gave the sons of Gershon two wagons and four oxen. The sons of Merari were given four wagons and eight oxen. The sons of Kohath were given no wagons or oxen since they were responsible for transporting the ark, the table of showbread, the candlestick and the altar—all of which were to be carried on their shoulders.

** **

__Numbers 7:10__** ¦ And the princes offered for
dedicating of the altar in the day that it was anointed, even the princes
offered their offering before the altar. **

__Numbers 7:11__** And the LORD said unto Moses, They
shall offer their offering, each prince on his day, for the dedicating of the
altar. **

** **

These verses introduce the following sections of scripture that record the offerings brought from each tribe to dedicate the altar. The narrative indicates that these offerings were bought on consecutive days. The offerings from each tribe are identical, so you canÕt help but wonder if God had provided specific instruction concerning these offerings. One should also note that these offerings were intended for the use of both the altar for burnt offerings and the altar of incense.

JFB provides the following insights: ÒA day was set apart for each, as much for the imposing solemnity and splendor of the ceremony, as for the prevention of disorder and hurry; and it is observable that, in the order of offering, regard was paid to priority not of birth, but of rank and dignity as they were ranked in the camp — beginning at the east, proceeding to the south, then to the west, and closing with the north, according to the course of the sun.Ó

** **

__Numbers 7:12__** And he that offered his offering the
first day was Nahshon the son of Amminadab, of the tribe of Judah: **

__Numbers 7:13__** And his offering was one
silver charger, the weight thereof was an hundred and thirty shekels,
one silver bowl of seventy shekels, after the shekel of the sanctuary; both of
them were full of fine flour mingled with oil for a meat offering: **

__Numbers 7:14__** One spoon of ten shekels of
gold, full of incense: **

__Numbers 7:15__** One young bullock, one ram, one lamb
of the first year, for a burnt offering: **

__Numbers 7:16__** One kid of the goats for a sin
offering: **

__Numbers 7:17__** And for a sacrifice of peace
offerings, two oxen, five rams, five he goats, five lambs of the first year:
this was the offering of Nahshon the son of Amminadab. **

** **

Having already noted that the offering from each tribe was identical, I will only comment on the first one. Each offering included the following:

á One silver charger weighing 130 shekels filled with fine flour mingled with oil for a meat offering (reference is to the sanctuary shekel)

á One silver bowl weighing 70 shekels filled with fine flour mingled with oil for a meat offering

á One golden spoon (or dish from the Hebrew) weighing ten shekels filled with incense

á One young bull, one ram and one lamb of the first year for a burnt offering

á One kid of the goats for a sin offering

á Two oxen, five rams, five he goats and five lambs of the first year for a peace offering

I liked GuzikÕs comment regarding the identical offerings: ÒBy requiring the same gift from every tribe, God made sure that no tribe or tribal leader glorified himself through his giving. We must resist the tendency to give in order to be seen of men.Ó

(The next comments are after verse 83.)

** **

__Numbers 7:18__** On the second day Nethaneel the son
of Zuar, prince of Issachar, did offer: **

__Numbers 7:19__** He offered for his offering
one silver charger, the weight whereof was an hundred and thirty
shekels, one silver bowl of seventy shekels, after the shekel of the
sanctuary; both of them full of fine flour mingled with oil for a meat
offering: **

__Numbers 7:20__** One spoon of gold of ten shekels,
full of incense: **

__Numbers 7:21__** One young bullock, one ram, one lamb
of the first year, for a burnt offering: **

__Numbers 7:22__** One kid of the goats for a sin
offering: **

__Numbers 7:23__** And for a sacrifice of peace
offerings, two oxen, five rams, five he goats, five lambs of the first year:
this was the offering of Nethaneel the son of Zuar. **

** **

__Numbers 7:24__** On the third day Eliab the son of
Helon, prince of the children of Zebulun, did offer: **

__Numbers 7:25__** His offering was one silver
charger, the weight whereof was an hundred and thirty shekels,
one silver bowl of seventy shekels, after the shekel of the sanctuary; both of
them full of fine flour mingled with oil for a meat offering: **

__Numbers 7:26__** One golden spoon of ten shekels,
full of incense: **

__Numbers 7:27__** One young bullock, one ram, one lamb
of the first year, for a burnt offering: **

__Numbers 7:28__** One kid of the goats for a sin
offering: **

__Numbers 7:29__** And for a sacrifice of peace
offerings, two oxen, five rams, five he goats, five lambs of the first year:
this was the offering of Eliab the son of Helon. **

** **

__Numbers 7:30__** On the fourth day Elizur the son of
Shedeur, prince of the children of Reuben, did offer: **

__Numbers 7:31__** His offering was one silver
charger of the weight of an hundred and thirty shekels, one silver bowl
of seventy shekels, after the shekel of the sanctuary; both of them full of
fine flour mingled with oil for a meat offering: **

__Numbers 7:32__** One golden spoon of ten shekels,
full of incense: **

__Numbers 7:33__** One young bullock, one ram, one lamb
of the first year, for a burnt offering: **

__Numbers 7:34__** One kid of the goats for a sin
offering: **

__Numbers 7:35__** And for a sacrifice of peace
offerings, two oxen, five rams, five he goats, five lambs of the first year:
this was the offering of Elizur the son of Shedeur. **

** **

__Numbers 7:36__** On the fifth day Shelumiel the son of
Zurishaddai, prince of the children of Simeon, did offer: **

__Numbers 7:37__** His offering was one silver
charger, the weight whereof was an hundred and thirty shekels,
one silver bowl of seventy shekels, after the shekel of the sanctuary; both of
them full of fine flour mingled with oil for a meat offering: **

__Numbers 7:38__** One golden spoon of ten shekels,
full of incense: **

__Numbers 7:39__** One young bullock, one ram, one lamb
of the first year, for a burnt offering: **

__Numbers 7:40__** One kid of the goats for a sin
offering: **

__Numbers 7:41__** And for a sacrifice of peace
offerings, two oxen, five rams, five he goats, five lambs of the first year:
this was the offering of Shelumiel the son of Zurishaddai. **

** **

__Numbers 7:42__** On the sixth day Eliasaph the son of
Deuel, prince of the children of Gad, offered: **

__Numbers 7:43__** His offering was one silver
charger of the weight of an hundred and thirty shekels, a silver bowl of
seventy shekels, after the shekel of the sanctuary; both of them full of fine
flour mingled with oil for a meat offering: **

__Numbers 7:44__** One golden spoon of ten shekels,
full of incense: **

__Numbers 7:45__** One young bullock, one ram, one lamb
of the first year, for a burnt offering: **

__Numbers 7:46__** One kid of the goats for a sin
offering: **

__Numbers 7:47__** And for a sacrifice of peace
offerings, two oxen, five rams, five he goats, five lambs of the first year:
this was the offering of Eliasaph the son of Deuel. **

** **

__Numbers 7:48__** On the seventh day Elishama the son
of Ammihud, prince of the children of Ephraim, offered: **

__Numbers 7:49__** His offering was one silver
charger, the weight whereof was an hundred and thirty shekels,
one silver bowl of seventy shekels, after the shekel of the sanctuary; both of
them full of fine flour mingled with oil for a meat offering: **

__Numbers 7:50__** One golden spoon of ten shekels,
full of incense: **

__Numbers 7:51__** One young bullock, one ram, one lamb
of the first year, for a burnt offering: **

__Numbers 7:52__** One kid of the goats for a sin
offering: **

__Numbers 7:53__** And for a sacrifice of peace
offerings, two oxen, five rams, five he goats, five lambs of the first year:
this was the offering of Elishama the son of Ammihud. **

** **

__Numbers 7:54__** On the eighth day offered
Gamaliel the son of Pedahzur, prince of the children of Manasseh: **

__Numbers 7:55__** His offering was one silver
charger of the weight of an hundred and thirty shekels, one silver bowl
of seventy shekels, after the shekel of the sanctuary; both of them full of
fine flour mingled with oil for a meat offering: **

__Numbers 7:56__** One golden spoon of ten shekels,
full of incense: **

__Numbers 7:57__** One young bullock, one ram, one lamb
of the first year, for a burnt offering: **

__Numbers 7:58__** One kid of the goats for a sin
offering: **

__Numbers 7:59__** And for a sacrifice of peace
offerings, two oxen, five rams, five he goats, five lambs of the first year:
this was the offering of Gamaliel the son of Pedahzur. **

** **

__Numbers 7:60__** On the ninth day Abidan the son of
Gideoni, prince of the children of Benjamin, offered: **

__Numbers 7:61__* was* one silver
charger, the weight whereof *was* an hundred and thirty* shekels*,
one silver bowl of seventy shekels, after the shekel of the sanctuary; both of
them full of fine flour mingled with oil for a meat offering:

__Numbers 7:62__** One golden spoon of ten shekels,
full of incense: **

__Numbers 7:63__** One young bullock, one ram, one lamb
of the first year, for a burnt offering: **

__Numbers 7:64__** One kid of the goats for a sin
offering: **

__Numbers 7:65__** And for a sacrifice of peace
offerings, two oxen, five rams, five he goats, five lambs of the first year:
this was the offering of Abidan the son of Gideoni. **

** **

__Numbers 7:66__** On the tenth day Ahiezer the son of
Ammishaddai, prince of the children of Dan, offered: **

__Numbers 7:67__* was* one silver
charger, the weight whereof *was* an hundred and thirty* shekels*,
one silver bowl of seventy shekels, after the shekel of the sanctuary; both of
them full of fine flour mingled with oil for a meat offering:

__Numbers 7:68__** One golden spoon of ten shekels,
full of incense: **

__Numbers 7:69__** One young bullock, one ram, one lamb
of the first year, for a burnt offering: **

__Numbers 7:70__** One kid of the goats for a sin
offering: **

__Numbers 7:71__** And for a sacrifice of peace
offerings, two oxen, five rams, five he goats, five lambs of the first year:
this was the offering of Ahiezer the son of Ammishaddai. **

** **

__Numbers 7:72__** On the eleventh day Pagiel the son of
Ocran, prince of the children of Asher, offered: **

__Numbers 7:73__* was* one silver
charger, the weight whereof *was* an hundred and thirty* shekels*,
one silver bowl of seventy shekels, after the shekel of the sanctuary; both of
them full of fine flour mingled with oil for a meat offering:

__Numbers 7:74__** One golden spoon of ten shekels,
full of incense: **

__Numbers 7:75__** One young bullock, one ram, one lamb
of the first year, for a burnt offering: **

__Numbers 7:76__** One kid of the goats for a sin
offering: **

__Numbers 7:77__** And for a sacrifice of peace
offerings, two oxen, five rams, five he goats, five lambs of the first year:
this was the offering of Pagiel the son of Ocran. **

** **

__Numbers 7:78__** On the twelfth day Ahira the son of
Enan, prince of the children of Naphtali, offered: **

__Numbers 7:79__* was* one silver
charger, the weight whereof *was* an hundred and thirty* shekels*,
one silver bowl of seventy shekels, after the shekel of the sanctuary; both of
them full of fine flour mingled with oil for a meat offering:

__Numbers 7:80__** One golden spoon of ten shekels,
full of incense: **

__Numbers 7:81__** One young bullock, one ram, one lamb
of the first year, for a burnt offering: **

__Numbers 7:82__** One kid of the goats for a sin
offering: **

__Numbers 7:83__** And for a sacrifice of peace
offerings, two oxen, five rams, five he goats, five lambs of the first year:
this was the offering of Ahira the son of Enan. **

** **

We know that since it took twelve days for the tribes to present their offerings, that at least one of them had to take place on a Sabbath day. As noted by many commentators, the Sabbath is to be dedicated to the LORD and the focus of each of these days was to honor the LORD.

It is also significant to me that the LORD inspired Moses to make an individual note of each tribeÕs gift. Each tribeÕs gift was pleasing to the LORD and acknowledged individually.

That is an important principle that we as Christians need to remember today. Though our gifts to the LORD are certainly not identical, He makes note of every gift given Him and recognizes the sacrifice and love that each gift represents. I like this statement from Coffman: ÒIt is not merely what a church or congregation is doing, but what each one is doing, that counts with God.Ó

** **

__Numbers 7:84__** This was the dedication of the
altar, in the day when it was anointed, by the princes of Israel: twelve
chargers of silver, twelve silver bowls, twelve spoons of gold: **

__Numbers 7:85__** Each charger of silver weighing
an hundred and thirty shekels, each bowl seventy: all the silver vessels
weighed two thousand and four hundred shekels, after the shekel of
the sanctuary: **

__Numbers 7:86__** The golden spoons were twelve,
full of incense, weighing ten shekels apiece, after the shekel of
the sanctuary: all the gold of the spoons was an hundred and twenty
shekels. **

__Numbers 7:87__** All the oxen for the burnt offering
were twelve bullocks, the rams twelve, the lambs of the first year twelve,
with their meat offering: and the kids of the goats for sin offering twelve. **

__Numbers 7:88__** And all the oxen for the sacrifice of
the peace offerings were twenty and four bullocks, the rams sixty, the
he goats sixty, the lambs of the first year sixty. This was the
dedication of the altar, after that it was anointed. **

** **

This section makes note of the total number of gifts from the twelve tribes.

á Twelve chargers of silver (weighing 130 shekels each) and twelve silver bowls (weighing 70 shekels each) for a total weight of 2400 sanctuary shekels

á twelve gold spoons (weighing ten shekels) full of incense for a total weight of 120 shekels

á Twelve bulls, twelve rams, and twelve lambs of the first year for a meat offering

á Twelve kids of the goats for a sin offering

á 24 bulls or oxen, 60 rams, 60 he goats and 60 lambs of the first year for peace offerings

** **

__Numbers
7:89__** And when
Moses was gone into the tabernacle of the congregation to speak with him, then
he heard the voice of one speaking unto him from off the mercy seat that was
upon the ark of testimony, from between the two cherubims: and he spake unto
him.**

Moses went into the tabernacle to speak with the LORD and heard a voice speaking from off the mercy seat on top of the ark of the covenant, from between the two cherubims. Moses knew it was the LORD because of what the LORD had told him as recorded in Exodus 25.

*Exodus 25:21–22 ÒAnd thou shalt
put the mercy seat above upon the ark; and in the ark thou shalt put the
testimony that I shall give thee. And there I will meet with thee, and I will
commune with thee from above the mercy seat, from between the two cherubims
which are upon the ark of the testimony, of all things
which I will give thee in commandment unto the children of Israel.Ó*