Jer. 2:1 ¶ Moreover the word of the LORD came to me, saying,
Jer. 2:2 Go and cry in the ears of Jerusalem, saying, Thus saith the LORD; I
remember thee, the kindness of thy youth, the love of thine espousals, when
thou wentest after me in the wilderness, in a land that was not sown.
Jer. 2:3 Israel was holiness unto the LORD, and the firstfruits of his increase:
all that devour him shall offend; evil shall come upon them, saith the LORD.
This chapter begins with Jeremiah receiving another message from the LORD
that he is to declare to the people of Jerusalem. He is to emphasize that this
message is from the LORD. He is reminding the people of their spiritual
beginnings and how they loved Him like a young bride. They followed Him through the wilderness as He led them to the Promised Land. He is to remind them how the LORD had chosen them for a position of honor among the nations. They grew under His protection and empowerment, and any enemy who came against them met with His judgment.
It stood out to me that this is a fond, nostalgic type memory that I completely
identify with the older I get. As a parent I look back without much thought of
the sleepless nights and the struggles of dealing with teenagers and their foolish
choices that resulted in harsh words and nights of worry. It’s the sweet
memories that come more readily to mind—the joys of watching those first steps,
hearing those first words, enjoying the many recitals and concerts, etc.
The LORD is focusing on their times of obedience and overlooking the
disobedience that eventually led to their wandering in that wilderness for forty
Jer. 2:4 Hear ye the word of the LORD, O house of Jacob, and all the families
of the house of Israel:
Jer. 2:5 Thus saith the LORD, What iniquity have your fathers found in me,
that they are gone far from me, and have walked after vanity, and are become
Jer. 2:6 Neither said they, Where is the LORD that brought us up out of the
land of Egypt, that led us through the wilderness, through a land of deserts
and of pits, through a land of drought, and of the shadow of death, through a
land that no man passed through, and where no man dwelt?
At this point the LORD broadens His message to include not only those in
Jerusalem, but all the families of the house of Israel. This would include those of
the Northern Kingdom that had already been taken captive by the Assyrians.
The LORD wants an answer to a couple of questions. He is basically saying:
“What did I do that caused your fathers to reject Me as LORD and turn to
worshipping false gods? It is obvious that these false gods are useless. So why
didn’t they turn back to Me—Almighty God who brought them out of the land of
Egypt and led them through the harsh desert while providing for their every
Jer. 2:7 And I brought you into a plentiful country, to eat the fruit thereof and
the goodness thereof; but when ye entered, ye defiled my land, and made mine
heritage an abomination.
Jer. 2:8 The priests said not, Where is the LORD? and they that handle the law
knew me not: the pastors also transgressed against me, and the prophets
prophesied by Baal, and walked after things that do not profit.
The LORD goes on to remind them how He brought them into a land filled with
good things. Instead of responding with gratitude and obedience, they decided
to defile the land and fill it with the disgusting practices of idol worship. Even
the religious leaders did not seek the Lord. Those who were supposed to teach
the people God’s law did not know it themselves. The spiritual leaders and the
prophets declared themselves followers of Baal. They led the people in worship
of impotent and useless false gods.
Baal seems to be a generic term for many of the false gods worshipped by the
Gentile nations. This name was used to identify the main god of the Phoenicians,
according to Easton’s Dictionary, and was also identified with Molech, the god to
whom the Israelites sacrificed their own children. The Canaanites worshipped
him as the sun god and connected him with fertility.
Elijah represented God in a great test of power against the prophets of Baal as
recorded in 1Kings 18. In summary, they prepared sacrifices and proceeded to
see which “god” could answer with fire and consume the sacrifice. Elijah
patiently waited as the prophets of Baal called on him from noon until the time
of the evening sacrifice. No answer from Baal. Finally Elijah made an altar and
made a trench around it. He placed his sacrifice on the altar and commanded
that they dump 12 barrels of water on the sacrifice and the wood under the altar
and fill the trench with water as well. The result:
1 Kings 18:36–38 “And it came to pass at the time of the offering of the evening sacrifice,
that Elijah the prophet came near, and said, LORD God of Abraham, Isaac, and of Israel,
let it be known this day that thou art God in Israel, and that I am thy servant, and that I
have done all these things at thy word. Hear me, O LORD, hear me, that this people may
know that thou art the LORD God, and that thou hast turned their heart back again.
Then the fire of the LORD fell, and consumed the burnt sacrifice, and the wood, and the
stones, and the dust, and licked up the water that was in the trench.”
How many times does God have to prove Himself to His people to command
their respect and obedience? To us?
Note that just as God had chosen Israel as His portion among the nations, so too He considered the land he gave them as His land.
Jer. 2:9 ¶ Wherefore I will yet plead with you, saith the LORD, and with your
children’s children will I plead.
Jer. 2:10 For pass over the isles of Chittim, and see; and send unto Kedar, and
consider diligently, and see if there be such a thing.
Jer. 2:11 Hath a nation changed their gods, which are yet no gods? but my
people have changed their glory for that which doth not profit.
Verse nine is a very sad declaration of God’s knowledge that this attitude of
rebellion will continue in future generations. He is basically saying that not even
the Gentile nations turned against their gods in spite of their impotence. In
stark contrast, the LORD’s people had chosen to turn against Him in spite of
His awesome display of power on their behalf and turned to serve the impotent
“gods” of the heathen.
Jer. 2:12 Be astonished, O ye heavens, at this, and be horribly afraid, be ye very
desolate, saith the LORD.
Jer. 2:13 For my people have committed two evils; they have forsaken me the
fountain of living waters, and hewed them out cisterns, broken cisterns, that
can hold no water.
I think the meaning of verse 12 is better expressed in the CJB: “Be aghast at this,
you heavens! Shudder in absolute horror!” says ADONAI. “
The LORD is basically calling on the heavens as a witness; maybe this even
includes the angels as well. He is making two specific charges against the people
1. They have forsaken Him, the very source of life-giving water.
2. They have attempted to find provision from broken cisterns that can hold
no water—the false gods and idols of their own making.
JFB made an important observation. Fountains supply an ever-flowing supply of
fresh water; while cisterns are dependent on an outside water source. The false
gods are being compared to cisterns that are broken and can’t even hold water.
Jer. 2:14 ¶ Is Israel a servant? is he a homeborn slave? why is he spoiled?
Jer. 2:15 The young lions roared upon him, and yelled, and they made his land
waste: his cities are burned without inhabitant.
Jer. 2:16 Also the children of Noph and Tahapanes have broken the crown of
The LORD poses more questions to get the people to think. Are you slaves?
Were you born into slavery? Why then have you been taken captive?
God had declared Israel to be His son.
Exodus 4:22 “And thou shalt say unto Pharaoh, Thus saith the LORD, Israel is my son,
even my firstborn:”
The young lions appear to be a reference to the nations that are taking the people
captive and destroying the cities of Israel. This appears to be referencing the
Assyrians who had taken the Northern Kingdom captive and destroyed many of
their cities and goes on to include Egypt’s invasion of Judah and the death of
King Josiah who went out to battle against them.
Jer. 2:17 Hast thou not procured this unto thyself, in that thou hast forsaken
the LORD thy God, when he led thee by the way?
Jer. 2:18 And now what hast thou to do in the way of Egypt, to drink the waters
of Sihor? or what hast thou to do in the way of Assyria, to drink the waters of
Jer. 2:19 Thine own wickedness shall correct thee, and thy backslidings shall
reprove thee: know therefore and see that it is an evil thing and bitter, that
thou hast forsaken the LORD thy God, and that my fear is not in thee, saith the
Lord GOD of hosts.
In these verses the LORD is basically saying that His people had brought
judgment upon themselves by breaking covenant with Him (as noted in chapter
1). He doesn’t understand why they would choose to depend on alliances with
Egypt and Assyria. I think the mention of the rivers of these nations is in direct
contrast to the living waters available to them through the LORD.
Verse 19 states an important principle: Experiencing the consequences of sin
should serve to correct and convict God’s people to the point of repentance. That
experience should make them understand that to rebel against “the LORD thy
God” and not serve Him with reverence and obedience always results in distress,
wretchedness and grief.
Jer. 2:20 ¶ For of old time I have broken thy yoke, and burst thy bands; and
thou saidst, I will not transgress; when upon every high hill and under every
green tree thou wanderest, playing the harlot.
Jer. 2:21 Yet I had planted thee a noble vine, wholly a right seed: how then art
thou turned into the degenerate plant of a strange vine unto me?
Jer. 2:22 For though thou wash thee with nitre, and take thee much soap, yet
thine iniquity is marked before me, saith the Lord GOD.
The LORD goes on to declare that long ago He had broken their yoke and
delivered them from slavery in Egypt. At that time they had promised to obey
Him and keep the covenant He made with them. Now, however, they were
blatantly prostituting themselves to false gods and idols.
The LORD reminds them that He had planted them in the land of Israel as a
choice, fruitful vine from proven good seed. I would assume He is making
reference to their forefathers—Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. This is the same truth
declared by the prophet Isaiah.
Isaiah 5:1–4 “Now will I sing to my wellbeloved a song of my beloved touching his
vineyard. My wellbeloved hath a vineyard in a very fruitful hill: And he fenced it, and
gathered out the stones thereof, and planted it with the choicest vine, and built a tower in
the midst of it, and also made a winepress therein: and he looked that it should bring forth
grapes, and it brought forth wild grapes. And now, O inhabitants of Jerusalem, and men
of Judah, judge, I pray you, betwixt me and my vineyard. What could have been done
more to my vineyard, that I have not done in it? wherefore, when I looked that it should
bring forth grapes, brought it forth wild grapes?”
The LORD’s question: How did you become such a degenerate, adulterous vine
to Me? There is no lye (nitre) or soap that is strong enough to cleanse you of
your sin; your sin has left a permanent mark on you before Me.
These are words that should strike fear in their heart; God is declaring this
generation in need of harsh, hopefully purifying judgment.
Jer. 2:23 How canst thou say, I am not polluted, I have not gone after Baalim?
see thy way in the valley, know what thou hast done: thou art a swift
dromedary traversing her ways;
Jer. 2:24 A wild ass used to the wilderness, that snuffeth up the wind at her
pleasure; in her occasion who can turn her away? all they that seek her will not
weary themselves; in her month they shall find her.
The LORD questions how His people could deny that they were morally unclean
or had followed the ways of Balaam. The evidence was clear.
“see thy way in the valley…” – Commentaries connect this with the sacrifice of
their children to Molech in the Valley of Hinnom, and that makes sense to me.
The LORD then goes on to compare His people to a dromedary (a young shecamel), which the commentaries indicate makes reference to an animal in heat
trying to find satisfaction. He emphasizes His point by also comparing them to a wild ass in the same condition. The IVP Commentary made a pointed application: “The female donkey, when in heat, becomes almost violent and
chases after the male donkey, just as Israel, like the wild female donkey, chases
after the Baals.”
Jer. 2:25 Withhold thy foot from being unshod, and thy throat from thirst: but
thou saidst, There is no hope: no; for I have loved strangers, and after them
will I go.
The LORD has been pleading with His people through His prophets to stop their
ongoing, determined pursuit of these false gods. They’re driven to fulfill the
desires of their flesh by participating in the perverted practices that are part of
the worship of the false gods of their heathen neighbors. They figured that they had sinned too greatly for God to take them back.
Jer. 2:26 As the thief is ashamed when he is found, so is the house of Israel
ashamed; they, their kings, their princes, and their priests, and their prophets,
Jer. 2:27 Saying to a stock, Thou art my father; and to a stone, Thou hast
brought me forth: for they have turned their back unto me, and not their face:
but in the time of their trouble they will say, Arise, and save us.
In these verses the LORD is basically declaring that the only time His people
show any shame or remorse is when they are in trouble and need Him to rescue
them. They prostrate themselves before idols made of wood and stone in direct
rejection of YHWH, but expect Him to welcome them with open arms in their
time of need.
I couldn’t help but make a comparison to the attitude of our nation as a whole
today—a nation founded on the principles of scripture and clear in its
recognition of God, the Creator, as the authority behind the rights to life, liberty
and the pursuit of happiness. We have gradually but surely rejected God’s truth
and authority. Our culture has embraced materialism and become morally
decadent. I remember how after the tragedy of 9/11, the churches were full
again for a while as people sought comfort and understanding. Most of the time
we live as though there is no God other than self. Yet, when tragedy strikes, we
expect Him to be ready to answer our every prayer. I’ve observed many times in
these journals how we want to hold Him accountable for such tragedies without
being held accountable for the way we have rejected Him. This is just like the
attitude of the people of Israel to whom Jeremiah was speaking.
Jer. 2:28 But where are thy gods that thou hast made thee? let them arise, if
they can save thee in the time of thy trouble: for according to the number of
thy cities are thy gods, O Judah.
Jer. 2:29 ¶ Wherefore will ye plead with me? ye all have transgressed against
me, saith the LORD.
The LORD is chiding His people—Let your chosen “gods” save you out of your
trouble. You have as many gods as you have cities; surely you don’t need Me.
Why come to me for help? You have rejected my authority.
Jer. 2:30 In vain have I smitten your children; they received no correction: your
own sword hath devoured your prophets, like a destroying lion.
The LORD continues—I have punished you, but it has done no good. You have
refused to be corrected. You have even killed My prophets.
Notice how the people are held accountable for their own choices. A righteous
God cannot hold people to account whom He has preprogrammed to do wrong.
I just don’t know how people can try to argue otherwise.
Jer. 2:31 O generation, see ye the word of the LORD. Have I been a wilderness
unto Israel? a land of darkness? wherefore say my people, We are lords; we
will come no more unto thee?
Jer. 2:32 Can a maid forget her ornaments, or a bride her attire? yet my people
have forgotten me days without number.
The LORD is asking the people to consider these questions.
• “Have I been a wilderness unto Israel?” - In other words, have you been
deprived of nourishment and provision?
• “a land of darkness?” – I think this is making reference to the knowledge
they need to grow and benefit both physically and spiritually.
He continues to drive His message home—Why would you reject me as LORD in
light of all I have done for you?
Instead of taking delight in the love of YHWH, as a bride for her groom, the
people of Israel had directed their passion toward the worship of false gods. The
LORD makes point of the fact that this hasn’t been just a short term fling, but a
long term affair.
Jer. 2:33 Why trimmest thou thy way to seek love? therefore hast thou also
taught the wicked ones thy ways.
Jer. 2:34 Also in thy skirts is found the blood of the souls of the poor
innocents: I have not found it by secret search, but upon all these.
Jer. 2:35 Yet thou sayest, Because I am innocent, surely his anger shall turn
from me. Behold, I will plead with thee, because thou sayest, I have not
The NLT translation of verse 33 is more readily understood: “How you plot and
scheme to win your lovers. The most experienced prostitute could learn from
I think verse 34 is making reference again to the souls of the innocent children
who were publicly offered as sacrifices to Molech. It could also include reference
to the prophets who were killed because the people did not like their message, or
even others who tried to live in obedience to the LORD and incurred the wrath of
In spite of all the evidence before the LORD, the people refuse to recognize their
sin and expect Him to turn His anger away from them. The LORD declares that
He is going to “execute judgment” against them (from the Hebrew for plead)
since they refuse to repent of their sin.
As I continued to think about how long God gave His people before judging
them, I was reminded of the words of Peter.
2 Peter 3:9 “The Lord is not slack concerning his promise, as some men count slackness;
but is longsuffering to us-ward, not willing that any should perish, but that all should
come to repentance.”
The LORD always goes to the nth degree to get us to accept His love and
provision by accepting Him as LORD and Savior. His desire is for all to come to
repentance. That truth was just as true in Old Testament times as it is now.
Continued rejection, however, will result in judgment in God’s time and
according to His purpose.
Jer. 2:36 Why gaddest thou about so much to change thy way? thou also shalt
be ashamed of Egypt, as thou wast ashamed of Assyria.
Jer. 2:37 Yea, thou shalt go forth from him, and thine hands upon thine head:
for the LORD hath rejected thy confidences, and thou shalt not prosper in
I think the LORD is basically asking His people why they continue to look for
strength and protection from other nations rather than from Him. Assyria had
ended up turning on Israel and taking them captive. Judah’s alliance with Egypt
for protection against Babylon is going to be just as inadequate. The LORD is
going to ensure that they are led in shame into captivity just as surely as were
those in the Northern Kingdom.