Gen. 19:1 And there came two angels to Sodom at even; and Lot sat in the gate of Sodom: and Lot seeing them rose up to meet them; and he bowed himself with his face toward the ground;

Gen. 19:2 And he said, Behold now, my lords, turn in, I pray you, into your servantŐs house, and tarry all night, and wash your feet, and ye shall rise up early, and go on your ways. And they said, Nay; but we will abide in the street all night.

Gen. 19:3 And he pressed upon them greatly; and they turned in unto him, and entered into his house; and he made them a feast, and did bake unleavened bread, and they did eat.

Here, the two men who were with the Lord are identified as angels.  It is evening and Lot is sitting at the gate to the city.  When he sees them, he rushes out to meet them and bows down with his face to the ground.  This does not appear to be a normal greeting for strangers.  I think he must have recognized them for who they were.  (9/06) If not, he surely recognized them as honorable men who would need his protection.  They stood out as different as compared to the wicked people of the city.  We as believers should stand out just as distinctly in this wicked world in which we live. 


Lot immediately invites them home with him to spend the night and wash their feet before continuing on their way in the morning.  At first they refuse and say they will spend the night in the streets; but Lot was so insistent that they agreed to go with him.  ItŐs interesting that when they arrived, it was Lot that prepared the meal for them.  We are pointedly told that he baked them unleavened bread (bread without yeast).  (I donŐt think Lot recognized the yeast as a type of sin, but it is interesting that in the one righteous home in that city, the guests were served unleavened bread.)  They ate.  


Gen. 19:4 But before they lay down, the men of the city, even the men of Sodom, compassed the house round, both old and young, all the people from every quarter:

Gen. 19:5 And they called unto Lot, and said unto him, Where are the men which came in to thee this night? bring them out unto us, that we may know them.

Gen. 19:6 And Lot went out at the door unto them, and shut the door after him,

Gen. 19:7 And said, I pray you, brethren, do not so wickedly.

Gen. 19:8 Behold now, I have two daughters which have not known man; let me, I pray you, bring them out unto you, and do ye to them as is good in your eyes: only unto these men do nothing; for therefore came they under the shadow of my roof.

Gen. 19:9 And they said, Stand back. And they said again, This one fellow came in to sojourn, and he will needs be a judge: now will we deal worse with thee, than with them. And they pressed sore upon the man, even Lot, and came near to break the door.

Gen. 19:10 But the men put forth their hand, and pulled Lot into the house to them, and shut to the door.

Gen. 19:11 And they smote the men that were at the door of the house with blindness, both small and great: so that they wearied themselves to find the door.

Before they could go to bed, the house was surrounded by all of the men in the city, both young and old, from every part of the city of Sodom.  They want Lot to send his guests out to them for sexual satisfaction.  Lot is actually quite brave.  He goes out to confront this mob alone and to protect his guests.


As a mom, I donŐt understand why Lot would offer his own daughters to the mob.  I understand that women were not accounted for much back then.  If he recognized the visitors as angels of the Lord, he must have known that they could protect themselves.  If he didnŐt really know who they were, he was treating his own daughters as dirt in comparison.  No matter—I canŐt justify his intent!  There is no comment one way or other in the scripture to help me understand. 


The mob has no intention of listening to Lot, an outsider.  They began pressing him back to break down the door.  The angels reached out and pulled Lot back inside the house and shut the door.  Then they made all the men blind so they couldnŐt find the door. 


(9/06) Again, Wayne Walter gave further insight in his article on 4th Sedrah at

ŇEven though Lot was not neaer the man his uncle Abraham was, he had nevertheless not sunk so low as to reckoned as a true Sodomite.  For Sodom saw him as a stranger, a presumptuous judge over their actions, and one who interfered with their customs.Ó


Gen. 19:12 And the men said unto Lot, Hast thou here any besides? son in law, and thy sons, and thy daughters, and whatsoever thou hast in the city, bring them out of this place:

Gen. 19:13 For we will destroy this place, because the cry of them is waxen great before the face of the LORD; and the LORD hath sent us to destroy it.

Gen. 19:14 And Lot went out, and spake unto his sons in law, which married his daughters, and said, Up, get you out of this place; for the LORD will destroy this city. But he seemed as one that mocked unto his sons in law.

Lot was told to gather anyone who belonged to him and get out of the city because it was going to be destroyed because of its great wickedness.  (How could Lot have chosen to keep his family there and still be considered a righteous person?)  So, Lot goes out to get his sons-in-law, but they donŐt believe he is serious.  They think he is joking about the coming destruction.  (Lot must have had other daughters that were already married.)


Gen. 19:15 And when the morning arose, then the angels hastened Lot, saying, Arise, take thy wife, and thy two daughters, which are here; lest thou be consumed in the iniquity of the city.

Gen. 19:16 And while he lingered, the men laid hold upon his hand, and upon the hand of his wife, and upon the hand of his two daughters; the LORD being merciful unto him: and they brought him forth, and set him without the city.

Gen. 19:17 And it came to pass, when they had brought them forth abroad, that he said, Escape for thy life; look not behind thee, neither stay thou in all the plain; escape to the mountain, lest thou be consumed.

ItŐs almost dawn, so the angels urge Lot to take his wife and two daughters and flee or they will be consumed when the city is destroyed.  Lot was reluctant and hesitant; so the angels grabbed their hands and led them out of the city.  This is identified as a merciful act on the LordŐs part.  I think this had to be more in honor of Abraham than Lot—v.29; although 2Peter 2:7-9 indicates that Lot was a righteous man.

               And delivered just Lot, vexed with the filthy conversation of the wicked:

(For that righteous man dwelling among them, in seeing and hearing, vexed his righteous soul from day to day with their unlawful deeds;)

The Lord knoweth how to deliver the godly out of temptations, and to reserve the unjust unto the day of judgment to be punished:

Courson made a great point (my paraphrase) – Righteousness is imputed to us based upon our faith; it isnŐt dependent upon our works.


Then the angels warn them to run for their lives and not look back.  They were to leave the plains totally and run to the mountain.


Gen. 19:18 And Lot said unto them, Oh, not so, my Lord:

Gen. 19:19 Behold now, thy servant hath found grace in thy sight, and thou hast magnified thy mercy, which thou hast shewed unto me in saving my life; and I cannot escape to the mountain, lest some evil take me, and I die:

Gen. 19:20 Behold now, this city is near to flee unto, and it is a little one: Oh, let me escape thither, (is it not a little one?) and my soul shall live.

Gen. 19:21 And he said unto him, See, I have accepted thee concerning this thing also, that I will not overthrow this city, for the which thou hast spoken.

Gen. 19:22 Haste thee, escape thither; for I cannot do any thing till thou be come thither. Therefore the name of the city was called Zoar.

Gen. 19:23 The sun was risen upon the earth when Lot entered into Zoar.

Lot evidently doesnŐt think they can make it to the mountains fast enough.  So he begs the angels to let them go to one of the small towns nearby.  He is granted permission to go to the small city, and it would be protected. 


ItŐs interesting that Lot has believed the angels to this point, but all of a sudden he questions their wisdom in telling him to go to the mountain.


In this whole chapter the angels have been referred to in plural.  Now, in verse 21, in answer to LotŐs request, the answer is given ŇHeÓ to Ňhim.Ó  Perhaps LotŐs questions were directed in prayer to the Lord, and we are to recognize the answer as coming from Him.  Anyway, LotŐs request is granted, but he is told to go quickly since he is holding up judgment.


By the time Lot reached the little town of Zoar, the sun was up. 


Gen. 19:24 Then the LORD rained upon Sodom and upon Gomorrah brimstone and fire from the LORD out of heaven;

Gen. 19:25 And he overthrew those cities, and all the plain, and all the inhabitants of the cities, and that which grew upon the ground.

Then the Lord rained down burning sulphur on Sodom and Gomorrah.  The Lord destroyed the cities and the people in them, the entire plain, and the vegetation. 


Gen. 19:26 But his wife looked back from behind him, and she became a pillar of salt.

LotŐs wife disobeyed the command not to look back and she became a pillar of salt.  The Hebrew for looked states Ňto scan, i.e. look intently at; by implication, to regard with pleasure, favor or care.Ó  She obviously didnŐt want to leave; she was comfortable in her sin.  A command from the Lord is never to be taken lightly.  We are never guaranteed a second chance to get it right. 


Lot went into Sodom a wealthy man; he came out a pauper.  Continual association with sin never results in good.


Gen. 19:27 And Abraham gat up early in the morning to the place where he stood before the LORD:

Gen. 19:28 And he looked toward Sodom and Gomorrah, and toward all the land of the plain, and beheld, and, lo, the smoke of the country went up as the smoke of a furnace.

Gen. 19:29 And it came to pass, when God destroyed the cities of the plain, that God remembered Abraham, and sent Lot out of the midst of the overthrow, when he overthrew the cities in the which Lot dwelt.

All of this happened in a dayŐs time.  When Abraham got up the next day, he returned to the place where he stood with the Lord.  He looked toward Sodom and Gomorrah and saw thick smoke rising from the land.  I know he must have been thinking about Lot and his family.  We are told that ŇGod remembered AbrahamÓ and protected Lot.  It seems strange to me that:  1) Abraham didnŐt check out for himself whether Lot got out and 2) that Lot didnŐt seek out his uncle Abraham instead of opting to live in a cave—if not for his own well being, at least for his daughters.  (I just canŐt get rid of this motherŐs perspective.)


I think you could say that Abraham is a type of Christ in this situation.  Just as God remembered Abraham and delivered his brethren, so too will He remember Christ and deliver His brethren from coming judgment.


Gen. 19:30 And Lot went up out of Zoar, and dwelt in the mountain, and his two daughters with him; for he feared to dwell in Zoar: and he dwelt in a cave, he and his two daughters.

Gen. 19:31 And the firstborn said unto the younger, Our father is old, and there is not a man in the earth to come in unto us after the manner of all the earth:

Gen. 19:32 Come, let us make our father drink wine, and we will lie with him, that we may preserve seed of our father.

Gen. 19:33 And they made their father drink wine that night: and the firstborn went in, and lay with her father; and he perceived not when she lay down, nor when she arose.

Gen. 19:34 And it came to pass on the morrow, that the firstborn said unto the younger, Behold, I lay yesternight with my father: let us make him drink wine this night also; and go thou in, and lie with him, that we may preserve seed of our father.

Gen. 19:35 And they made their father drink wine that night also: and the younger arose, and lay with him; and he perceived not when she lay down, nor when she arose.

We are told that Lot was afraid to stay in Zoar, but not why he was afraid.  Now he decides to go to the mountain.  He was so afraid that he took his daughters to live in a cave.  Now, itŐs pretty obvious that they had barely escaped with their lives, let alone any possessions.  Why they thought it so important to preserve their family is a mystery to me.  It couldnŐt have been for inheritance purposes.  It must have been of great importance in their culture—or maybe it is just the result of Lot reaping what he sowed by choosing to raise his family in such an evil environment.  They probably didnŐt even recognize their choice to get their father drunk and sleep with him as a terrible sin.  After all, they had been raised in a place where it was OK to satisfy your own desires in any way you chose.  (I still donŐt understand how he could not have known what was happening.)


Gen. 19:36 Thus were both the daughters of Lot with child by their father.

Gen. 19:37 And the firstborn bare a son, and called his name Moab: the same is the father of the Moabites unto this day.

Gen. 19:38 And the younger, she also bare a son, and called his name Benammi: the same is the father of the children of Ammon unto this day.  

Both daughters became pregnant.  The older daughterŐs son was Moab, the father of the Moabites (the ancestry of Ruth).  The younger daughterŐs son, Benammi, became the father of the Ammonites.  Both of these nations became enemies of the Israelites.